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Gautam Buddh Nagar

Gautam Buddh Nagar is a largely suburban district Of Uttar Pradesh state in Northern India. It is a part of the National Capital Region (India). Greater Noida is the district administrative headquarters. The city of Greater Noida is India’s first ISO 160001 certified city.  Located about 40 kilometers south-east of Delhi and about 20 kilometers south-east of Noida. It is an integral part of the district and one of the largest industrial townships in Uttar Pradesh, covering an  area of 1442 square kilometers. It has fast evolved as an upcoming industrial and educational hub of the country.

It is an important industrial and agricultural district of Uttar Pradesh. It is divided into 4 develpmental blocks. It has 3 assembly seats namely Noida, Dadri, and Jewar. It has 3 tehsils- Dadri, Jewar and Sadar.

Geographical Position

District Gautam Budhh Nagar is situated in the west of Uttar Pradesh. The district has area between the two main rivers of India namely Ganga and Yamuna. In the North of the district Ghaziabad and borders of Delhi, in the south Aligarh, in the east Bulandshahar, in the west border of Haryana State are located. The total geographical area is 1442 sq km.

Climate

During the summers i.e. from March to June, the weather remains hot and the temperature ranges from a maximum of 48 ºC to a minimum of 28 ºC.

 

Monsoon season prevails during mid-June to mid-September. 

The cold waves from the Himalayan region makes the winters very chilly and harsh. Low temperatures (3 ºC to 4 ºC) have been recorded at the peak of winters. Dense fog and smog problems create a nuisance of the people reducing visibility on the streets causing major inconvenience.

 

Population

As of censes 2011 the total population of the district 1648115 out of which there are 890214 males and 757901 females.

Out of its 1648115 population only 666065 males and 456882 females are literate. 

 

 

History

The District Gautam Buddh Nagar was formed on 6th September, 1997 with effect from the Government order no 1249/97/82/97 by carving out portions of Ghaziabad and Bulandshahar. Dadri and Bisrakh blocks have been carved out of Ghaziabad and Dankaur and Jewar blocks have been carved out of Bulandshehar district. 18 other villages from Bulandshahar have also been carved out and have been included in Dankur and Jewar.

However, the area occupied by this district has a magnificent past rooted in Hindu mythology and national struggle for Independence.

Yuga in Hinduism is an epoch or era within a four-age cycle. There are four yugas in one cycle-

 Satya Yuga  Treta Yuga   Dwapara Yuga  Kali Yuga

Gautam Buddh District has its roots in Treta yuga (Ramayan Kaal) as Bisrakh village of Greater Noida, in the state of Uttar Pradesh is also believed to be the birthplace of the mythological king Ravana of the epic Ramayana, who is called the “Maha Brahman.” Ravana in his later years reigned as the king of Sri Lanka. As the village people strongly identified Bisrakh with the tragic hero of Ramayana, they do not celebrate the annual Dusshera or Diwala festivals (two of the major festivals of Hindus) but mourn Ravana’s death by the hands of Lord Rama. In other parts of the country Dusshera and Diwali festivals are celebrated with much

vigour and joy , the celebration culminates with burning the effigy of Ravana marking his killing by Lord Rama, a symbol of victory of good over evil. The nine days of Navratra ending in Dusshera are obserevd by the people of the village as a period of mourning for Ravana. They offer prayers for peace to the soul of Ravana and perform Yagna.

Bisrakh is also considered to be the birthplace of Rawan’s father,  Sage Vishrava Pulastya.

In Dwapara  Yuga (Mahabharat Kaal)- Dankore was the Dronacharya also hails from this place.

People from this land were actively associated with The National Freedom Struggle. Shri Gopi Chand, Shri Ram Nath, Shri Harsharn Singh etc are a few names. Even Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Rajguru used village Nalgara- on NoidaGreater Noida Express way to hide during the freedom struggle. They planned a bomb attack on assembly from Nalgara.

Administration

District Administration is headed by the District Magistrate (DM) who is an IAS officer. He is assisted by one Chief Development Officer, three Additional District Magistrates (Executive, Finance/Revenue and Land Acquisition) and one City Magistrate.

The administrative division of this district lies in Meerut. Tehsils are in Dadri, Jewar and Sadar each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate who reports to the District Magistrate. 

Police Administration is headed by the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) who is an IPS officer and is accountable to the DM for Law and Order enforcement. HE is assisted by four Superintendents of Police (City, Rural, Traffic and Crime) and eight Deputy Superintendents of Police.

Current DM- Brajesh Narain

Current SSP – Love Kumar

Assembly seats are of Noida, Dadri, and Jewar.

Transport and connectivity

It has two major highways Noida-Greater Noida Expressway and Yamuna Expressway. These expressways are one of the prime development hallways in the country, connectivity options are already functional or are making good progress.

 The Noida-Greater Noida Expressway is poised to become a self-sustaining urban pocket in Noida with good infrastructure. Sectors abutting this corridor are 44, 45, 92-94, 96-100, 105, 108, 125-137 and 141-168. These sectors lie towards the south and south east of Noida. 

 It has 155 bus stations and 7 railway stations for easy transport facilities.

Socio-economic

Main sources of livelihood for the people of this district are agriculture and industrial work.

Due to the presence of sandy and loamy soil agriculture is practiced. The main crops of the district are wheat, rice and sugarcane. In some areas millet is also planted. However, due to Noida and Greater Noida industrial area under Bisrakh block, the main means of livelihood here are industrial workers, technical, engineering and management services.

The development and the expansion of the district is fast paced as it falls under the purview of NCR (National Capital Region). Noida and Greater Noida of the district are world class industrial and technology hubs. In Noida and Greater Noida industrial areas many large scale industries have been established by multinational companies like Daewoo Motor, HONDA MANUFACTURING, CL, BPL, Lg, HCL, etc. But Industrialization is not just limited to Noida and Greater Noida, it is also taking place in other areas of the district. So, in terms of economical structure the district is important not just at state level but also at national level. 25% of the total revenue of Uttar Pradesh is received from Gautam Buddh Nagar.

Education

It is home to many private and government universities.

 Amity University  Sharda University  Jaypee Institute of Information Technology  Symbiosis International University

among others. With the hub of institutions and job opportunities provided by industrialization it is fast becoming a student favourite. 

Media and Entertainment

It acts as a prominent location for the Indian entertainment industry to capture college life and urban culture. Many films, television shows, news channels and other media is filmed there. It also has offices of many news channels like Zee News, Tv Today group, Network 18, NewsX, India Tv etc.

Tourist Attractions

It has many notable tourist attractions for simple fun-filled vacations to places of historical and mythological importance.

 Okhla Bird Sanctuary

It also has Okhla  Bird Sanctuary (OBS) was formed due to the creation of Okhla Barrage. It is roughly 4 square kilometers in size and is situated at the entrance of Noida in Gautam Budhh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated at point where river Yamuna enters in the state of Uttar Pradesh leaving the territory of Delhi.

The sanctuary is focused on protecting and restoring the habitat of birds. It is a home to bird species of thorny scrub, grasslands and wetlands due to its unique positioning. The Uttar Pradesh Government notified this as sanctuary in the year 1990. It is one among 15 bird sanctuaries in the state and one of the 466 IBA’s (Important Bird Areas) in India. 

 Surajpur Wetland

Wetland is defined as a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem. There are various types of wetlands. Urban wetland is one such type and Surajpur is an excellent example of it. Formed in the Yamuna River basin it provides suitable breeding grounds for waterfowl such as Spot-billed Duck, Lesser-whistling Duck, Cotton Pygmy Goose and Comb Duck and wintering waterfowl such as Redcrested Pochard, Ferruginous Pochard, Bar-headed Goose, Greylag Goose, Common Teal, Northern Shoveler and Gadwell.

Wetlands are important for sustainable development and offer a variety of uses from breeding fishes to climate control.

 Buddh International Circuit

Buddh International circuit is an Indian motor racing circuit in Greater Noida, 40 km from Delhi. Its construction cost was 20 billion rupees (400 million US Dollars). It is a 5.13km long circuit and was designed by German architect and racetrack designer Hermann Tilke. The 120,000-capacity circuit was best known as the venue for the annual Formula One Indian Grand Prix, which was first hosted on 30 October 2011 but has been suspended since 27 October 2013 due to a tax dispute with the Uttar Pradesh government. Its owner is the Jaypee Group. 

 Botanic Garden of Indian Republic (BGIR)and Climate

In accordance with the requirement of 1st Convention on Biological Diversity held at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil during ‘Earth Summit’ in 1992 BGIR was established by the Ministry of Environment, Forest Change, Govt. of India. The purpose for its establishment was for conservation of endemic and threatened plants of the country along with related scientific research, environmental education, training, awareness and recreation purposes 

At present, more than 10,500 individuals of about 900 pant species brought from 23 states of the country have been conserved in different sections/areas like Economic Plant, Green Belt/Woodland, Fruit, Medicinal Plant Cactus and

Succulents, Nurseries and Water bodies. The total land area of the garden is 163.79 acre. 

Such an initiative by the government encourages the enrichment of the flora of the country and also attracting fauna, harbouring and multiplying which need to be inventorised.

 ISKCON Noida

ISKCON is a sacred place for Lord Krishna’s devotees. ISKCON means international society for Krishna consciousness. It was founded by His Divine Grace  A.C. Bhaktivedanta swami Srila Prabhupada in July 1966. It is a good place for family vacation or to just enjoy the simple pleasure of feeling God’s presence. It has good facilities to make visitors and devotee’s stay comfortable. There are many shops to buy souvenirs to remember the place by. It isn’t limited to just prayer but believes in ‘seva’. It has distributed more than 500 million of Prabhupada’s books, over 110 vegetarian restaurants. It also conducts special projects around the world, such as “Food for Life”, the only free vegetarian relief program in the world. It runs 65 Eco villages and farm communities all over the world and it runs 54 educational institutions.

 Several temples also exist in the district especially in places of mythological significance. Some of the temples are over 1,000 years old. The Swayambhu (self manifest) Shiva linga, which was worshipped by Ravana and his father Vishravas, was unearthed more than 100 years ago. It is octagonal in shape. The linga is visible above the surface for 2.5 feet (0.76m) height and a further 8 feet (2.4m) length is said to extend below the ground. It is deified in a temple and worshiped daily in Bisrakh Village.

A new temple dedicated to Ravana is under construction at a cost of Rs 2 crores. The temple will be deified with a 42 feet (13m) Shiva Linga and a 5.5 feet (1.7m) image of Ravana.

It also has KidZania Delhi NCR, Worlds of Wonder (amusement park), The Great Indian Place Theme Park, Sinnar Museum, Sunderbans National Park, Surajpur bird sanctuary.

Villages

Noida comes under the Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh which is one of the hubs of IT development and infrastructure in India. Apart from that mnay villages also come in this district, villages which lack in basic necessities like permanent postal and individual address. According to the officials this will soon be rectified and the villages will be mapped using aerial imagery captured by drones. The maps will provide crucial information about rural areas in case of an emergency.

Mapping will help in advancing progress and development of these villages for welfare of the people. So, that they can also grow with the rest of the country in terms of infrastructure and digitization. 

Important Data Points On {{geopccharmodel.current.districtname}}

Below charts are quantitative in nature without commenting about qualitative aspect of them. E.g. Piped water connection may say N Percent but how many hours, what water quality and water pressure is yet to be determined and fixed. The data points below can be used as a baseline to start Research Action Groups and contribute towards the ideal & sustainable community.

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