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INTRODUCTION

Bulandshahr is a city and a municipal board in Bulandshahr district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bulandshahr District. This city is part of the Delhi National Capital Region (NCR). According to Government of India, the district Bulandshahr is one of the Hindu Concentrated District in India on the basis of the 2011 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.[1] The distance between Bulandshahr and New Delhi is 68 km and it takes 1 hour 26 mins to reach there. According to the 2011 census Bulandshahr district has a population of 3,498,507, roughly equal to the nation of Lithuania or the US state of Connecticut. This gives it a ranking of 85th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 788 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,040/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.09%. Bulandshahar has a sex ratio of 892 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 76.23%.

If you want any information regarding district magistrate, special report, news & events or literally anything about bulandshahar you can visit these WebPages http://bulandshahar.nic.in/ http://www.bulandshahrweb.com/

 

HISTORY

A king named Ahibaran is said to have laid the foundation of a fort called Baran here and established his capital. It was traditionally called Baran city and only recently came to be called Bulandshahr in official usages. Since it was perched on a highland it came to be known as "high city", which translates as Bulandshahr in Persian language. There is a present-day place called Upper Court which is believed to be the Fort of Raja Ahibarna and old Baran was limited to this area. The kingdom of Barn came to an end probably during the 12th century. In 1192 CE when Muhammad Ghauri conquered parts of India, his general Qutubuddin Aibak surrounded Fort Barn and, with the help of traitors, was able to kill King Chandrasen Dor and in the process took control of the Barn kingdom.

The ancient ruins found at places in Bhatora Veerpur, Ghalibpur, etc. are indicative of the antiquity of Bulandshahr. There are several other important places in the District from where statues belonging to the medieval age and objects of ancient temples have been found. Even today, several of these historical and ancient object such as coins, inscriptions etc. are preserved in the Lucknow State Museum.

 The history of Bulandshahr takes us back to before 1200 B.C. This region is situated near to the famous historical places, Indraprasth and Hastinapur, also the capitals of Pandavas. After Hastinapur declined, Ahar, situated in the north east of district Bulandshahr became a significant place for Pandavas, where the king Parma made a fort. King Ahivarn or Ahibaran, known to be the founder of this city, was a Kshatriya and a Suryavanshi. He was the 21st descendant of Samrat Mandhata, the ruler of Ayodhya. According to Mahalakshmi Vrat Katha, it was in the descendents of emperor Mandhatas that at one stage, son of King Vallabh, Agrasen was born and at another stage son of King Parmaal, Ahibaran  was born; who further started their respective clans: Agrawal (or Agarwal) and Varnwal (or Barnwal). As per an old belief in Indian Caste system, Jati Bhaskar’, it is understood that Samrat Mandhata had two sons, Gunadhi and Mohan. King Parmaal was the descendant of king Gunadhi while king Vallabh was the descendant of King Mohan.

The Baran Kingdom came to an end during 12th century when the place suffered continuous attacks by central Asian rulers. In 1192 CE while Muhammad Ghauri conquered several parts of India, Qutubbudin, his senapati, captured Fort Barn and, with the help of traitors, killed King Chandrasen Dor taking full control of the kingdom.

As time passed,  Baranwal community migrated mostly to the Gangetic plains of India, and started living under the various family names of Verma, Lala, Goyal, Bakshi, pawaria (bilsuri), Choudhary, Patwari, Gupta, Parsariya, Simriya, Nagar, Arya, Shah, etc.

Places such as Bhatora, Veerpur, Ghalibpur, etc. are the evidence for ancient ruins and symbolize antiquity of Bulandshahr. Out of several versions of Hindi language, ‘Khari Boli’ is the standard local famous language of this place. There are several other important places in the city from where statues of medieval age and objects of ancient temples had been founded. Several historical and ancients objects such as coins, inscriptions etc. are still preserved in Lucknow State Museum.

Pandavas, Central Asian rulers (Persians), Britishers, etc. are the rulers who ruled the place.

The Barans ruled the kingdom for more than a century. It is believed that King Ahibaran, founder of this place accepted the Vanika Dharma for the benefit of local people to spread prosperity in trade and commerce in the region.    Bulandshahr also played a significant role in the freedom struggle. On 10th May, 1857 during the first war of independence, a message of resolution was carried from Aligarh to Bulandshahr by Pandit Narayan Sharma. The nationalist, Brave initiated the first alarm of freedom struggle in the Bulandshahr city when gurjaras of Dadri and Sikandrabad area started the destruction of inspection bunglows telegraph offices and government buildings which represented the  symbols of foreign rule.

Post-independence Bulandshahr has also become famous for its dairy farms. The milk produced in this area is mainly exported to places in Delhi, Punjab and Rajasthan.

 

 

CITIES AND TOWN IN BULANDSHAHR

·        Anupshahr

·        Aurangabad

·        Bhawan Bahadur Nagar

·        Bugrasi

·        Bulandshahr

·        Chhatari

·        Dibai

·        Gulaothi

·        Jahangirabad

·        Khanpur

·        Khurja

·        Narora

·        Pahasu

·        Shikarpur

·        Siana

·        Sikandrabad

 

LOCAL INFORMATION ON BULANDSHAHR

 

Local Dances of Bulandshahr - The city has a lot to offer to its visitors, this includes colorful fairs, ancient temples, green farmlands, meadows of swaying flowers and fast flowing rivers. Tourist can enjoy riding on horse carts. During navratri days in Bulandshahr - Maha Kali pooja is organized at large scale in Kali Temple where a male, dressed as Maa Mahakali, dances with sword and languriyas throughout the night. Visitors also enjoy watching old traditional classic dance forms like Kathak too. The nearby places on the bank of river Ganga like Naroura, Rajghat, Karnavas, Anoopshahr, Ahar and Gajroula are famous centers for religious activities and temples.

Handicrafts of Bulandshahr - Bulandshahr is well known for cotton cloth printing, a popular craft done by local artists. The city’s local bazaar and market places shows an endless array of beautiful handicraft products, well painted clothes, accessories, etc. Some of these market places where one can experience a wonderful shopping are Kamla Nagar, Ansari Road, Chowk Bazaar, Civil Lines, Krishna Nagar and Lal Talab.

Important telephone numbers- www.Bulandshahr.Nic.in  , www.Up-Tourism.Com Directorate of Tourism, Rajarshi Purshottam Das Tandon Paryatan Bhavan, C-13, Vipin Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow, U.P. Tel: 0522-2308916, 2308017. E-mail: Upstdc@Up-Tourism.ComUpstdc@Bsnl.InYatrup@Bsnl.In.

Some caution, precaution etc to take while visiting the place – Bulandshahr is located at Northern part of Uttar Pradesh. Best time to visit this city is during winters, from October to February.  Advance booking at hotels is required at this time of local trade fairs and festivals to avoid disappointment.

Accommodation in Bulandshahr city: Bulandshahr offers a wide range of accommodations from guest houses, resorts, Budget Hotel to luxury hotels. The best luxury hotels, available in this city, are The Mud Fort and The Fort.

RELIGION

Bulandshahr is a multi-cultural city with a variety of people following varied lifestyles. While there is a strong presence of Hindus, it is balanced by a good number of Muslims, as 40% of the population in Bulandshahr follows Islam. While people in Bulandshahr usually engage in agriculture, over the years, local trade, craft and heavy industries have also become sources of livelihood for the residents of this ancient city. The Indian international cricketer, Bhuvneshwar Kumar, the celebrated Hindi writer Acharya Chatursen Shastri, feminist Urdu poet Kishwar Naheed, and Jaiprakash Gaur, the founder of Jaypee Group of companies are some of the famous personalities hailing from Bulandshahr.

 

WEATHER

 

Months

Normal

Warmest

Coldest

Normal

January

14.3°C

21.0°C

7.6°C

1

February

16.8°C

23.5°C

10.1°C

2

March

22.3°C

29.2°C

15.3°C

2

April

28.8°C

36.0°C

21.6°C

2

May

32.5°C

39.2°C

25.9°C

2

June

33.4°C

38.8°C

27.8°C

5

July

30.8°C

34.7°C

26.8°C

13

August

30.0°C

33.6°C

26.3°C

12

September

29.5°C

34.2°C

24.7°C

5

October

26.3°C

33.0°C

19.6°C

1

November

20.8°C

28.3°C

13.2°C

0

December

15.7°C

22.9°C

8.5°C

1

 

 

 

 

FOREST

 

A forest Area of 7795 Hectare covers the Bulandshahar District. Which mainly comprises Mango, Guava & other Fruits Orchids? Since the land is very fertile due to Doaba region. Water is in plenty since river Ganges & Yamuna are in Proximity

 

ADMINISTRATIVE SET UP

 

 For administrative convenience, the district of Bulandshahar has been divided into seven tehsils namely,

 

1. Sikandrabad

2. Bulandsahar

3. Syana

4. Khurja

5. Shikarpur

6. Dibai

7. Anupsahar these tehsils are further divided into 16 blocks

                          

TRANSPORTATION

 

The NCR Planning Board had prepared a Functional Plan on Transport for National Capital Region with perspective year 2032, which is an Integrated Multimodal Transport Plan (IMTP). The Functional Plan was prepared after review of demand and supply of transport infrastructure in NCR. The Functional Plan was approved by the NCR Planning Board in November 2009. The Plan recommended an Integrated Multi-Modal Transportation System for NCR to improve the mobility of both people and goods. It also recommended systematic development of the Transport System for fast and efficient movement of traffic, particularly for commuter traffic and to achieve sustainable development of the region. Objectives of the Transport Plan are:

(i)              to provide an efficient and economical rail- and road-based transportation system (including mass transport systems) well-integrated with the land use patterns to support balanced regional development;

(ii)            (ii) to provide accessibility to all parts of the region and discourage transit of passengers and goods through the core area of NCT-Delhi by constructing Peripheral Expressways/ bypasses and thereby opening new areas for economic development;

(iii)          (iii) to provide a suitable public transport system in NCR to shift people from private transport to public transport, and

(iv)           (iv) to reduce vehicular air pollution.

 

SOCIAL SITES

The society is made up of elements drawn from diverse origins. Within the population of India are subsumed tribes – no less than three hundred ethnically differentiated communities – caste groups, language and religious groups, displaying striking differences in social organization and cultural patterns, even material cultures. There are differences in racial strands and ethnic and cultural identities are strongly defined. Almost all religions from tribal forms of animism and totemism to Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and Sikhism have their followers in different proportions. The social diversity is perhaps the most powerful manifestation of Indian identity.  Although, through long period of evolution, the higher castes have appropriated to themselves a major part of power, wealth and prestige, it is a lower caste who played the negative roles of friction and drag in the overall development of society in particular regions, notwithstanding their supplementary contributions to the social economy. Not less intriguing and anomalous is the correspondence of many areas of high levels of agricultural prosperity and productivity and all the high proportion of scheduled caste population. The creators of wealth are themselves the poorest in the areas of riches. Scheduled caste members had been made use of for the economic uplift and well – being of higher castes in society. The Scheduled Castes constitute about one-sixth of the total population of India with spatio– temporal variations ranging from almost negligible to as high as 29 per cent of the total population of the states. Prior to independence and even later, they had been the poorest of the country. In spite of many socio-economic securities provided to them in the constitution and by the government, they are still comparatively less educated and backward in the dilemma of privilege and exploitation. All these could be attributed to a variety of reasons such as illiteracy, social evils like gambling, liquor, litigation and superstitions, dominance of higher castes, deprivation from socio-economic status, inferiority complex against other castes and misuse of rights and privileges constitutionally provided to them.

 

LAND USE-CHARACTERISTIC

 

The primary function of a town or city is to provide goods and services to the people in rural areas. As the settlement grows larger and larger, this aspect of central place function diminishes. The supply of goods and services to the local population becomes increasingly more important.10 To perform the urban functions and services, the land of a town or a city is utilized as per the requirement which is usually characterized by the mode, civilization and advancement of society as well as the requirement of its internal and regional population. The land of a town is also utilized for various purposes as per the design, internal structure and internal layout. The land-use of a town may be study in different zones beginning from the centre of the town to the outer limits. Four basis types of land-use can be identified as central business, industrial, residential and open areas. The land use of various towns and cities has been studied by various geographers. In this context, the studies of Burgess (1925), Bartholomew (1955), Rannellns (1956), American Institute of Planners (1960), Manuel (1968), Harvey (1989) ssand Knox (1991) are remarkable. The studies of the land use and the internal structure of different sized cities in different parts of India have been worked out by Indian geographer like Singh, R. L. (1953), Chatterjee (1967), Singh, O.P. (1973), Prabha, K. (1979), Chaturvedi (1988) Kumar Kamesh (2004). Burgees have suggested a model scheme for the urban land-use as the land of a town is used in an ideal construction of the tendencies to expanding radically from its central business district…. Encircling the town area there is normally an area of transition, which is being invaded by business and light manufacture, a third area is inhabited by the workers in industries who have escaped from the area of deterioration but who desire to live within easy access of their work. Beyond this zone is the residential area of high-class apartment buildings or of exclusive restricted districts of single-family dwellings. Still further out beyond the city limits, is the commuters zonesuburban areas or satellite cities. The land of an urban settlement has been broadly categorized under two uses as developed area and vacant area. Further, the developed land is classified as privately developed and publicly developed. Privately developed land is further divided in six uses like

(i) Single family dwellings,

(ii) Two family dwellings,

(iii) Multifamily dwellings,

(vi) Commercial centres,

(v) Light industry and

(vi) Heavy industry

 Moreover, publicly developed areas of an urban settlement may be put in 4 categories as streets, rail road property, parks and playgrounds, public and semi-public property.

 

FOOD AND CUSINE

 

 

Bulandshahr has a varied cuisine to offer to travellers and locals. The cuisine is delectable, ranges from spicy and aromatic food to mild and healthy food. The cosine reminiscent of the Awadhi cuisine popular all over north India. Different variety of food is enjoyed by the people of bulandshahr throughout the year especially during the festivals. Restaurants in bulandshahr serve nawabi cuisine. There are also street side stalls and fast food chains in bulandshahr.

 

Like any other city of North India, Bulandshahr also patronizes Awadhi and Mughal cuisine. Mughal cuisine makes use of generous amount o

f spices to make food aromatic and full of flavour. Most popular spices used in cooking are cardamom, cinnamon, cloves, cumin, black pepper, red chilli powder and saffron. Biryani is the most popular of all Mughlai cuisine. The dum style of cooking or the art of slow cooking over a fire is a novel and marvelous cooking technique original to the Mughlai cuisine. The dum style of cooking adds texture and flavor to the food. Dum Biryani, kebabs, qormas, elaborate mutton recipes, are a specialty of Mughlai cuisine. Spices, dried fruits and nuts are generally used in the Mughlai and Awadhi recipe. Ittr (perfume) is used to enhance the aroma of the dish. Most popular recipes are achari gosht, badami gosht, dum pukht mutton, keema pulao, murgh do piazza, murgh musallam, nargisi kofta, navratan, pea’s pulao, shahi rogan josh, and raita. During Eid-ul-Fitr, Muslims in Bulandshahr eat vermicelli and sweet dishes such as sheer khurma, and sweet milk with dried fruits. Saffron is used to flavour sweets, hence the desserts have the delicious amount of aromatic flavours and sweetness. Desserts such as almond seera, badam halwa, phirni and rabdi are super popular among the locals and the tourists. Kesar pista kulfi eaten with faloodas are extremely popular in the summers.

Good street food is readily available in Bulandshahr. There are many food stalls, chaat centres and kathi-roll centres in Bulandshahr. People of Bulandshahr enjoy good food. Evidently there are many restaurants and hotels that offer delicious and varied cuisines 24x7. To make your search for food in the city much easier, here is a food guide that will direct you what to eat and where. All these restaurants are very economical. Ansari Road, Krishna Nagar, Lal talab Malviya Marg, Main Road, and Sedpur Road are places where you get the best food. Achman Restaurant has good pure vegetarian food items. It also offers good multi cuisine food and continental food. There is also the Natraj hotel at Kala Aam and Raj Darbar Hotel at D.M. Road.

Dhabas provide wholesome food with rustic flavours. Food is served on a thali. Typical vegetarian thali conists of dal, rice, roti and sabzi. Dhabas are popular for serving aloo paratha, kulcha, meethi paratha, naan and tandoori roti that go well with homemade butter and pickles. Use of pure ghee is very popular in dhaba-style cooking. Lentil based dish is a major highlight of dhaba food. Lentils such as Bengal Gram, black gram and green gram are used in different dal preparations. Other very popular dishes include paneer (cottage cheese), palak paneer, rajma, chole, egg curry, jeera rice and kebabs. Gajar ka halwa, ladoos and flavourful thandai are also available and very popular among the customers.

 

 

STREET FOOD

 

 

Good street food is readily available in Bulandshahr. There are many food stalls, chaat centres and kathi-roll centres in Bulandshahr. People of Bulandshahr enjoy good food. Evidently there are many restaurants and hotels that offer delicious and varied cuisines 24x7. To make your search for food in the city much easier, here is a food guide that will direct you what to eat and where. All these restaurants are very economical. Ansari Road, Krishna Nagar, Lal talab Malviya Marg, Main Road, and Sedpur Road are places where you get the best food. Achman Restaurant has good pure vegetarian food items. It also offers good multi cuisine food and continental food. There is also the Natraj hotel at Kala Aam and Raj Darbar Hotel at D.M. Road. For cafeteria go to Quality Cafeteria at Ansari Road, Chowk Bazar. Also go to south Indian fast food chain restaurant at Shikarpur. Here is list of restaurants in Bulandshar:

Alka Motel & Gardens Kaala Aam, Devipura-1 Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh-203001 Phone no.: (05732) 283 411 www.alkamotel.com

 Red Chilli Hotel and Restaurant Moti Bagh, Kotiyat Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh-203001 Phone no.: 09808886556

 Achman Restaurant K.P.Road, Amba Enclave, Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh-203001 Phone no.: 09412128526

 Vaishno Chaat Bhandar G.T. Rd, Sikandrabad Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh-203205 Phone no.: 9917211838

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