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INTRODUCTION

Jaipur is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan in Northern India. It was founded on 18 November 1726 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amer after whom the city is named.  As of 2011, the city has a population of 3.1 million, making it the tenth most populous city in the country.  Jaipur is also known as the Pink City of India. Jaipur is located 260 km (162 miles) from the Indian capital New Delhi. Jaipur forms a part of the west Golden Triangletourist circuit along with Agra (240 km, 149 mi).  Jaipur is a popular tourist destination in India and serves as a gateway to othertourist destinations in Rajasthan such as Jodhpur (348 km, 216 mi), Jaisalmer (571 km, 355 mi) Udaipur (421 km, 262 mi). andMount Abu (520 km, 323 mi).

CUSINE

One of the most delightful aspects of a visit to the ‘pink city’ is the culinary delights of Rajasthan, the main cuisine of Jaipur. The capital of Rajput kings had an impressive array of mouth-watering delights, kept closely guarded by the royal chefs. Some of them have been passed on through generations, sadly the rest have been lost. As a matter of prestige the royal cooks were encouraged to experiment and serve unusual dishes to guests. Legends tell tales of cooks trying to impress their guests by presenting at least one unforgettable item on the menu.  The royal guests were served savory dishes made from stuffed camels, goats, pigs and peacocks. The food was served in gold and silver utensils, scores of utensils used each serving. Jaipur is a city of royalty, a land which has served rich food to the Kings and queens of the royal family. The imperial kitchens of Rajasthan used to employ ‘Khansamas’ (the royal cooks) to make the best gastronomy. The Pink city still serves the best delicacies to its residents and tourists. If you are planning a trip to Jaipur, leave your worries aside as the city has myriad number of restaurants. Almost all the restaurants serve every type of cuisine, so you need not to think about what to eat. Jaipur is famous for its Dal Batti, Churma, Mawa Kachori, Ghewar, Mirchi Bada, Rajasthani Subji and different kinds of Chapattis. Typical dishes include Dal Baati Churma, Missi Roti. Sweet dishes include Ghevar, Feeni, Gajak, Chauguni ke laddu, Moong Thal. Dal Baati choorma, popular name for a preparation comprising Dal and Baati, is a very well known dish of Rajasthan. Recognized as a Rajasthan speciality, Dal-baati-choorma is a wholesome Rajasthani meal. Dal, or lentil curry, is served with Baati, a roundel of stuffed flour that’s baked in a charcoal fire or oven. Choorma is a sweet dish made with flour, jaggery or sugar and ghee.

Dal is basically prepared from tuvaar dal. Tuvaar dal is first boiled in pressure cooker and after that it is prepared for the tadka. First the oil is heated in the frying pan and then rai-jeera are sprinkled into it then put green meshed chili and garlic then all spices including salt, hing, red chili, turmeric, coriander, ginger and many more spices are mixed into it. And finally we put the boiled tuvaar dal into this paste. Baati is basically hard bread made up of wheat powder commonly known as aata. First we mesh wheat powder with little bit of salt and water. Then we prepare tennis ball size round balls of this mixture and put it in well heated cow dung cake. After it gets brown color it’s been taken out and stuffed in Ghee. Baati comes in varieties acts as a substitute for rotis. You could opt for plain baati, or try the more exotic masala, dry fruit or missi baatis. Baati is made out of wheat flour, millet or a mix of maize and wheat flour, with loads of ghee. There is also an unending variety in churma – the color of which depends on the ingredients. This Dal-Baati choorma is then served with Rava Ladoo, rice, pudina chaatni, Kari (green mango) chaatni, green salad with excess of onion and fresh curd milk. It has the highest number of calories. 100grams of Dal Baati has 99grams of calories.

HISTORY

The now capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur was built in 1727 AD by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. It is from his name that the city extracts its name. Jaipur happens to be the first planned city of India. Maharaja Jai Singh, who was only 11 years old, came into power after the demise of his father Maharaja Bishan Singh.  Kachwaha Rajputs, who came into power in 12th century, are said to be Jai Singh's ancestors. Their rivalry with Sisodia Rajputs, rulers of Mewar, helped them in their alliance with Mughals. Mughals too helped the Kachwaha Rajputs against Sisodia Rajputs, resulting in Kachwahas attaining a reputed place in Rajasthan. They ruled the kingdoms of Mewar (Udaipur) and Marwar (Jodhpur) from the glorious Amber Fort. Jai Singh supported Aurangzeb's son Azam Shah in the battle of succession, which created unrest among people. But Azam Shah lost this bid to throne to his brother Bahadur Shah. Azam Shah then demanded the removal of Jai Singh from the throne. With the ally of Mughals, Jai Singh brought himself back to power. The kingdom flourished in his reign and Jai Singh built his capital around Amber Fort and Jaipur was eventually developed as India's first ever planned city by chief architect from Bengal, Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya. Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, following the principles of Shilpa Shastra (the science of Indian architecture), and referencing the ancient Indian knowledge on astronomy, further developed and discussed the plan with Jai Singh. It is said that the foundation of the city was laid down on 18th November 1727 by Jai Singh himself. It took minutely plans strategies and 4 years for the city's major places-the roads, the square, palaces and the fortification of the boundaries-to come to form. After the death of Jai Singh in 1744, his sons fought for power and without a king, the city became open to intrusion by neighbouring states . Rajputs and Marathas took over most of Jaipur. Later in 1876, Maharaja Ram Singh adorned the city in pink colour, which is supposed to be associated with hospitality, to welcome the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) to the city; and thus it acquired the name Pink City. Ramgarh Lake was also built by Maharaja Ram Singh to provide water to the budding and prospering city.  In 1922, the throne was taken over by Man Singh II, and it was at that time, buildings like secretariat, schools, and hospitals were built. After India got independence, Jaipur merged with Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Bikaner to form the largest state of India with Jaipur as its capital.

PLACES TO VISIT

Jaipur is a major tourist destination in India forming a part of the Golden Triangle. In the 2008 Conde Nast Traveller Readers Choice Survey, Jaipur was ranked the 7th best place to visit in Asia.  According to TripAdvisor's 2015 Traveller's Choice Awards for Destination, Jaipur ranked 1st among the Indian destination for the year. The Presidential Suite at the Raj Palace Hotel, billed at US$45,000 per night, was listed in second place on CNN's World's 15 most expensive hotel suites in 2012.

Jaipur Exhibition & Convention Centre (JECC) is Rajasthan’s biggest convention and exhibition centre. It is famous for organising events such as Vastara, Jaipur Jewellery Show, Stonemart 2015 and Resurgent Rajasthan Partnership Summit 2015.

Visitor attractions include the Hawa MahalJal MahalCity PalaceAmer FortJantar MantarNahargarh FortJaigarh FortGaltajiGovind Dev Ji TempleGarh Ganesh Temple, Sri Kali Temple, Birla Mandir, Sanganeri Gate and the Jaipur Zoo

The Jantar Mantar observatory and Amer Fort are one of the World Heritage Sites. Hawa Mahal is a five-storey pyramidal shaped monument with 953 windows that rises 15 metres (50 ft) from its high base. Sisodiya Rani Bagh and Kanak Vrindavan are the major parks in Jaipur.

 Another major tourist attraction is Chokhi Dhani, which is a Rajasthani ethnic village themed resort & restaurant. The place homes a small village with a mix of activities like Camel riding, Maze, Palm reading, Magic Shows, Rajasthani dances and a typical Rajasthani dinner. Raj Mandir is one of the most famous Cinema hall (movie hall) of Jaipur.

 With changing times city has added various shopping malls. Nahargarh Fort is the main tourist spot and you can see whole Jaipur from the peak of a hill. The best time to visit the fort is at night which will give you a twinkling view of the Jaipur city.

TRANSPORTATION

The now capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur was built in 1727 AD by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. It is from his name that the city extracts its name. Jaipur happens to be the first planned city of India. Maharaja Jai Singh, who was only 11 years old, came into power after the demise of his father Maharaja Bishan Singh. Kachwaha Rajputs, who came into power in 12th century, are said to be Jai Singh's ancestors.

 Their rivalry with Sisodia Rajputs, rulers of Mewar, helped them in their alliance with Mughals. Mughals too helped the Kachwaha Rajputs against Sisodia Rajputs, resulting in Kachwahas attaining a reputed place in Rajasthan.

 They ruled the kingdoms of Mewar (Udaipur) and Marwar (Jodhpur) from the glorious Amber Fort. Jai Singh supported Aurangzeb's son Azam Shah in the battle of succession, which created unrest among people. But Azam Shah lost this bid to throne to his brother Bahadur Shah. Azam Shah then demanded the removal of Jai Singh from the throne. With the ally of Mughals, Jai Singh brought himself back to power. The kingdom flourished in his reign and Jai Singh built his capital around Amber Fort and Jaipur was eventually developed as India's first ever planned city by chief architect from Bengal, Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya. Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, following the principles of Shilpa Shastra (the science of Indian architecture), and referencing the ancient Indian knowledge on astronomy, further developed and discussed the plan with Jai Singh. It is said that the foundation of the city was laid down on 18th November 1727 by Jai Singh himself. It took minutely plans strategies and 4 years for the city's major places-the roads, the square, palaces and the fortification of the boundaries-to come to form. After the death of Jai Singh in 1744, his sons fought for power and without a king, the city became open to intrusion by neighbouring states. Rajputs and Marathas took over most of Jaipur.

Later in 1876, Maharaja Ram Singh adorned the city in pink colour, which is supposed to be associated with hospitality, to welcome the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) to the city; and thus it acquired the name Pink City. Ramgarh Lake was also built by Maharaja Ram Singh to provide water to the budding and prospering city.  In 1922, the throne was taken over by Man Singh II, and it was at that time, buildings like secretariat, schools, and hospitals were built. After India got independence, Jaipur merged with Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Bikaner to form the largest state of India with Jaipur as its capital.

CULTURE

Jaipur has many cultural sites like Jawahar Kala Kendra formed by Architect Charles Correa and Ravindra Manch. Government Central Museum hosts several arts and antiquities. There is a government museum at Hawa Mahal and an art gallery at Viratnagar. There are statues depicting Rajasthani culture around the city.

 Jaipur has many traditional shops selling antiques and handicrafts. The prior rulers of Jaipur patronised a number of arts and crafts. They invited skilled artisans, artists and craftsmen from India and abroad who settled in the city.  Some of the crafts include bandhaniblock printingstone carving and sculpturetarkashizarigota-patti, kinari and zardozi, silver jewellery, gemskundanmeenakari and jewelleryLakh ki Chudiyaminiature paintingsblue potteryivory carvingshellac work and leather ware.

With a wonderful combination of ancient royal heritage and ultra-modern life method Jaipur displays a cool presentation of urban lifestyle.

Jaipur has its own performing arts. The Jaipur Gharana for Kathak is one of the three gharanas of the major north Indian classical dance form of Kathak.  The jaipur Gharana of Kathak is known for its rapid intricate dance forms, vivacious body movements and subtle Abhinaya. 

The dance of Ghoomar is a popular folk dance style. Tamasha is an art form where Kathputli puppet dance is shown in play form. Jaipur has four majors fairs and festivals namely Elephant FestivalGangaurKite Festival Jaipur and Teej. Jaipur is also famous for the Jaipur Literature Festival, the world's largest free literature festival in which country-wide authors, writers and literature lovers participate.

 

ECONOMY

The economy of Jaipur has seen a boom over the last few years. While the family owned small businesses had been one of the main contributors to its economy over the past several decades, various large scale industries are now being established here.

 At the same time, Jaipur’s family owned businesses manufacturing traditional Rajasthani goods including Rajasthani clothes, foot wear, handicraft items and the likes are now expanding with most of the business owners setting up their branches in other parts of the country.

Today Jaipur has become a hub of both traditional and contemporary industries. The skilled artisans in the city have helped in the growth of the traditional industries here and the educated youth of today is contributing towards the growth of the modern industries.

It has been observed that more and more industries are now setting up in the smaller towns and cities in India as the cost of living in these places is comparatively lower than the metropolitan and the quality of life is better.

 The infrastructure and work life offered by such cities is also better in comparison with that in the bigger cities. Jaipur is proud to be one of the cities that has attracted several businesses over the years. Its economic growth has also been a result of the large deposits of precious gems that are found here. It is known to be one of the largest exporters of diamond, gold and stone jewelry.

 In the year 2012 RBI ranked the city as the ninth largest credit centre and the eleventh largest deposit centre across the country. Besides the various industries establishing in Jaipur, it has also emerged as a global outsourcing city gradually.

 Jaipur bagged the 31st position among the 50 Emerging Global Outsourcing cities in the year 2008. Genpact, Infosys and various other big companies have their BPO in the city.

DEMOGRAPHY

Founded and decorated by the Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, Jaipur is an out an out planned city. All its roads and by lanes are formed in a grid pattern, and that makes the orientation absolutely easy.

While the old part of the city is a cluster of historical spots, the new extension is facilitated with all items of urbanization like stunning shopping malls, food courts, branded restaurants, and multiplexes.

 There are three interconnecting road in this new extended portion and these are Sansar Chandra Marg, Mirza Ismail road (MI road), and Station Road. Most of the good hotels in Jaipur as well as the railway stations are located nearby to these roads, which is a big advantage of Jaipur transportation. Jaipur is one of the largest states of the country that has the international border-line with Pakistan on its west side.

 The entire length of Jaipur ranging from east toward west is around 180 km while the breadth from north toward south is around 110 km. Jaipur possess around 28.65 million cubic meter ground water resources for use. Ramgarh dam on the River Ban Ganga is the prime source of drinking water. The major minerals available in Jaipur and its neighborhood are copper, iron, white marble, dolomite, glass and silicon. Sambhar Lake is one of the biggest natural lakes of saline water in India and is located at close proximity to Jaipur. The lake serves as one of the authentic sources of good quality salt that is used in the whole country.

The city is recognized midst pre-modern cities in India for the breadth and symmetry of the streets which are found segregated into six subdivisions divided by broad streets of a consistent width of 34m. These sectors are titled as “urban quarters” and each of these quarters is further divided by a planned and well defined network of interrelating streets.

Around the eastern, western, and southern sides of the city at the central Palace quarter, rest five urban quarters get enclosed with the sixth one to the east. This Palace quarter presents an extensive palace complex comprising of Hawa Mahal, beautiful shahi-gardens, and a small but beautiful natural lake.

The Aravali hill located at the northwestern end of Jaipur and the famous Nahargarh Fort is located on the hill as its crowning glory. From the aspect of communication Jaipur is well connected. Various means of transport works here with great central coordination.

 Jaipur is 258 km away from Delhi, 350 km away from Gwalior, 405 km away from Udaipur, and 232 km away from the city of Agra. The city is well connected with other major parts of country by rail, road and air consistently.

CLIMATE

The detail description of Jaipur climate is an easy way to understand the feel of the city in accordance to its geography. Because of the existence of Thor desert in the state general climate of Jaipur is found hot and humid to a large extent all though the year.

In Jaipur climate three seasons’ impact are mostly found and these are summer, winter, and monsoon. In Jaipur summer season is hot no doubt and temperature rises up to 45 degree Celsius at time.

Summer season persists between April and July and during this time Jaipur experienced semi-arid weather around with high level of humidity. Monsoon starts in Jaipur from July month and extends up to September month.

The city enjoys moderate rainfall that around 650 mm rainfall/yearly. In July Jaipur gets clad with lots of dust and frequent occurrence of thunderstorms. However post monsoon during the month of September, days start growing warm and to some extent humid again. The city of Jaipur observes winter between the latest part of October month and till the middle of March. During this time the temperature ranges between 15 degree Celsius and 5 degree Celsius.

 The people of Jaipur do not feel any trace of humidity during this period however, dense fog is found during early morning and early evening at daily course all around the city. However winter is the best time to visit this pink city

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